Interest Rate Risk

The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between two rates, in the shape of the yield curve or in any other interest rate relationship. Such changes usually affect securities inversely and can be reduced by diversifying (investing in fixed-income securities with different durations) or hedging (e.g. through an interest rate swap).

Interest rate risk affects the value of bonds more directly than stocks, and it is a major risk to all bondholders. As interest rates rise, bond prices fall and vice versa. The rationale is that as interest rates increase, the opportunity cost of holding a bond decreases since investors are able to realize greater yields by switching to other investments that reflect the higher interest rate. For example, a 5% bond is worth more if interest rates decrease since the bondholder receives a fixed rate of return relative to the market, which is offering a lower rate of return as a result of the decrease in rates.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Interest rate risk — is the risk (variability in value) borne by an interest bearing asset, such as a loan or a bond, due to variability of interest rates. In general, as rates rise, the price of a fixed rate bond will fall, and vice versa. Interest rate risk is… …   Wikipedia

  • interest rate risk — ( IRR) The potential that changes in market rates of interest will reduce earnings and/or capital. The risk that changes in prevailing interest rates will adversely affect assets, liabilities, capital, income, and/or expense at different times or …   Financial and business terms

  • interest-rate risk — interest rate exposure The risk arising from changes in interest rates. In recent decades the different forms of interest rate risk have been the subject of much analysis, monitoring, and scrutiny. In the 1980s, for example, the savings and loan… …   Accounting dictionary

  • interest-rate risk — interest rate exposure The risk arising from changes in interest rates. In recent decades the different forms of interest rate risk have been the subject of much analysis, monitoring, and scrutiny. In the 1980s, for example, the savings and loan… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • interest-rate risk — ➔ risk1 …   Financial and business terms

  • interest rate risk — palūkanų normos rizika statusas Aprobuotas sritis buhalterinė apskaita ir finansinė atskaitomybė apibrėžtis Rizika, kai galimi nuostoliai dėl palūkanų normos svyravimo. atitikmenys: angl. interest rate risk šaltinis Lietuvos Respublikos finansų… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Interest rate risk — The risk that a security s value changes due to a change in interest rates. For example, a bond s price drops as interest rates rise. For a depository institution, also called funding risk, the risk that spread income will suffer because of a… …   Financial and business terms

  • Interest rate risk —   Refer instead to Interest risk …   International financial encyclopaedia

  • interest rate risk — The potential adverse consequences of unexpected changes in *interest rates …   Auditor's dictionary

  • Interest Rate Risk — (процентный риск) риск того, что стоимость ценной бумаги изменится с изменением процентной ставки; для финансовых институтов риск того, что проценты по активам, приобретенным в период низких процентных ставок, окажутся недостаточными для покрытия …   Ипотека. Словарь терминов

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.